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干货:PET英语语法状语从句总结

2021-01-29 14:51:12
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  语法不好对孩子PET英语学习的影响是隐性而持久的:语法欠佳会导致孩子们读不懂或听不懂长难句,影响理解;同时,因为语法基础不好而不敢在口语和写作中使用稍微复杂一点的表达,影响了孩子们的输出效果。参加PET考试的孩子,因为PET比KET的难度要大,孩子需要具备以下能力:

  1.高于3500左右的词汇量

  2.快速找Key Details细节并进行匹配的能力

  3.closingreding精读能力

  4.中考水平的语法基础(非常重要)

  5.拼写过关

  6.写作能力。写作时要记得使用长短句及多样化句式。(加州写作教材Write Source中的写作流程能灵活运用)

  7.听力做记录的同时,听清题意,排除干扰信息(听力陷阱)

  8.口语吐词清晰,不要有长时间的停顿,与partner对话时要学会倾听。

  在复合句中由从句表示的状语称作状语从句,它可以用来修饰谓语(包括非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个句子。

  二、状语从句一般分为八大类

  时间状语从句 地点状语从句

  原因状语从句 目的状语从句

  结果状语从句 条件状语从句

  方式状语从句 让步状语从句

  1. 时间状语从句

  When ---当……时候,通常指某一特定的时间点,主句与从句的动作同时发生。

  When I opened the window, I saw him come up.

  When---正在……的时候,突然…。通常主句是进行时或 be about to 时,在翻译的时候,when 可以译成没想到或突然。

  I was walking along the street , when I met him.

  When 当从句是进行时,主句是一般时,往往表示不满。


test


  Someone knocked at the door when I was having breakfast.

  When=after

  When the children had gone to bed, she began to prepare her lessons.

  While---在……期间,往往指一段时间。

  While we were inAmerica, we saw him twice.

  While ---表示一种不满情绪,意思是这边在干某种重要的事,而另一边在享受等。

  We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football.

  As--- 一边……一边, 随着

  She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music.

  As --- 当……时,指一个动作紧接着一个动作发生,从句通常用进行时。

  As I was going out, it began to rain.

  The moment--- 一……就……=as soon as , immediately,

  ---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?

  ---Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.

  Not… until---直到……才

  He didn’t leave the office until he finished the work.

  Before---在……之前

  The passengers should arrive at the airport an hour before the flight departs.

  After---在…… 之后

  The customer left the ticket counter after he had a quarrel with the ticket agent.

  Since---自从……, 通常主句用现在完成时

  I have never been there again since I graduated from the university.

  It is just a week since we arrived here.

  As soon as---一……就……

  Jack went to school as soon as he got well.

  No sooner than---一……就……

  no sooner… than… 用于句首要求倒装

  Hardly …when…

  Scarcely …when…

  No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.

  Once ---一但……就……

  Once you see him, you will never forget him.

  Every time, each time每次whenever每当

  Each time he came to town, he would visit our school.

  2. 条件状语从句

  引导状语从句的连接词有:

  If如果, unless除非, as long as只要, As (so) far as --- 据……所知,in case万一, provided that假如, on condition that若是,以…为条件

  If---如果

  If you don’t hurry up, you will miss the plane.

  Unless--- 如果不, 除非=if not

  We can’t get there on time unless we book the earliest flight

  As long as--- 只要

  We will succeed as long as we keep on trying.

  As (so) far as--- 据……所知

  As far as I know, he speaks English very well.

  In case--- 假使, 如果

  The plane cannot take off in case it rains.

  Provided that如果,有时省略 that

  The plane will be in good condition provided that it is taken care of carefully.

  On condition that--- 条件是…

  He said that he would come to the meeting on condition that no one asked him to speak.

  注:主从句的动作发生在将来时,则主句用将来时, 从句用一般现在时。

  If he arrives tomorrow, I will be waiting for him at the airport.

  3. 地点状语从句

  地点状语从句只有两个连词: Where, wherever

  Where--- 在……地方

  Where there is a will, there is a way.

  Wherever--- 无论哪里

  Wherever you are, I will be right there waiting for you.

  4. 原因状语从句

  because, as, since, now that, 和considering that, seeing that 这六个连词都用于表示表示原因, 但在语气上一个比一个弱.

  Because--- 因为,通常从句放在主句后.

  Mr Smith was very upset because he couldn’t find his luggage.

  As--- 因为, 通常放在句首

  As he is honest and modest, all his friends like him.

  Since---既然 因语气较弱, 常译为既然(众所周知的原因)

  Since everybody has come, we can set off.

  Now that--- 既然

  Now that you are here, you can join us.

  considering that--- 顾及到

  Considering that they are just beginners, they are doing quite a good job.

  seeing that--- 由于

  Seeing (that) quite a few people were absent, we decided toput the meeting off.

  5. 结果状语从句

  引导结果状语从句的连词有:that, so that, so…that…

  such…thatSo… that--- 太……以至于so 后面应用形容词或副词, 有时省略so只用that

  Boeing 747 is so large that people like to call it jet bomb喷气炸弹.

  So that--- 因而,以便,为了 有时so 可以省去

  Speak louder please so that the people at the back can hear you.

  Such …that…---太……以至于 用法与so…that相同,但such 后面应用名词。

  The foreign visitor was such a fast speaker that nobody could understand him.

  6. 目的状语从句

  引导目的状语从句的主要连词有: that, so that, in order that, for fear that, lest

  (So) that --- 以便,从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等

  Let’s take the front seats (so) that we may see more clearly.

  in order that --- 为了,与so that 相同从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等

  School was closed early in order that the children might go home ahead of the storm.

  for fear that--- 生怕; 为了防止(某事发生)

  He took the name down for fear that he should forget it.

  in case--- 万一

  You should bring a dictionary in case you need it.

  Lest--- 以防万一

  The man decided to tell his boss the fact lest he would be angry with him.

  7. 让步状语从句

  引导让步状语从句的连词有:Although, though, as, even if, even though, no matter, however, whatever, while, whether.

  Although, though ---虽然although 和though 可以互换,但although 常放在句首。Though可以用于倒装。

  Although it was raining, the plane managed to take off.

  Though he did his best, he didn’t succeed.

  As --- 尽管 as 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装。可与though 互换。

  Busy as he is, he never misses a football match.

  Even if /even though---即使

  Even if you don’t like your boss, you should do your work.

  However--- 不论,however 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装

  He couldn’t get there on time however fast he drove.

  No matter (what, when, where, how)---无论(什么,何时,何地,怎样)

  He wouldn’t forgive me no matter how hard I begged him.

  Whatever--- 不管

  Whatever other people may say, she won’t change her mind.

  While---尽管

  While I have sympathy for you, I can’t help you.

  Whether---不管,常与or not 连用

  Whether he is good or not, the company decided to send him abroad.

  8. 方式状语从句

  方式状语从句常由: as, as if, as though

  as---与…… 一样

  Do in Rome as the Romans do.

  as if, as though--- 仿佛,由as if或 as though引导的从句中可用虚拟语气

  She stood at the door as if (=as though) she were waiting for someone.

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于PET英语语法考试中状语从句要点总结,希望对大家有所帮助。更多PET英语费用、PET英语培训等问题可以咨询我们。


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